Working with LXC (Linux containers) in Ubuntu is very easy but by default you need to know the IP address of new containers to connect to services (ssh, database, webserver, etc.) running on them.
With some minor configuration you can connect to your containers using a domain name like that
$ sudo lxc-create --name container1 $ sudo lxc-start --name container1 --daemon $ ssh [email protected].lxc
In Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr,
lxc-create use by default the Ubuntu template and it will create a user called
ubuntu, to change it take a look at the template options with
lxc-create -t ubuntu -h.
To set up the internal DNS resolution on your machine, you must edit
/etc/default/lxc-net and uncomment the line
Also you need to create the file
/etc/NetworkManager/dnsmasq.d/lxc.conf with the following content
This will redirect DNS queries for
*.lxc hosts to the
dnsmasq instance running on
10.0.3.1 that manage DHCP and DNS for containers.
After that restart networking related services
$ sudo service lxc-net stop $ sudo service lxc-net start $ sudo service network-manager restart
lxc-net service you can’t use the
restart command, you must use the
startcommands to reload the configuration.
If you had some containers running, do not forget to restart them
$ sudo lxc-stop --name container1 $ sudo lxc-start --name container1 --daemon
Finally to check that everything works you can use, for example, the
ping command and you must see something like this
$ ping -c 3 container1.lxc PING container1.lxc (10.0.3.8) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from 10.0.3.8: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.072 ms 64 bytes from 10.0.3.8: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.125 ms 64 bytes from 10.0.3.8: icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.113 ms --- psql.lxc ping statistics --- 3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 2000ms rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.072/0.103/0.125/0.024 ms